- Année : 1999
- Tome : 258
- Format : Papier, Électronique
- Langue de l'ouvrage :
- Class. Math. : Primary: 20D60, Secondary: 20K01, 11B13, 11B75, 05C25.
- Pages : 281-308
- DOI : 10.24033/ast.454
Nous généralisons des théorèmes d'addition connus pour le cas des groupes non abéliens. Les preuves iques des théorèmes d'addition utilisent des transformations locales dues à Davenport, Dyson et Kempermann. Notre approche est basée sur l'étude de certains blocs d'imprimitivité du groupe d'automorphismes d'une relation.
We generalise some known addition theorems to non abelian groups and to the most general case of relations having a transitive group of automorphisms. The ical proofs of addition theorems use local transformations due to Davenport, Dyson and Kempermann. We present a completely diﬀerent method based on the study of some blocks of imprimitivity with respect to the automorphism group of a relation. Several addition theorems including the ﬁnite $\alpha + \beta $-Theorem of Mann and a formula proved by Davenport and Lewis will be generalised to relations having a transitive group of automorphisms. We study the critical pair theory in the case of ﬁnite groups. We generalise Vosper Theorem to ﬁnite not necessarily abelian groups. Chowla, Mann and Straus obtained in 1959 a lower bound for the size of the image of a diagonal form on a prime ﬁeld. This result was generalised by Tietäväienen to ﬁnite ﬁelds with odd characteristics. We use our results on the critical pair theory to generalise this lower bound to an arbitrary division ring. Our results apply to the superconnectivity problems in networks. In particular we show that a loopless Cayley graph with optimal connectivity has only trivial minimum cuts when the degree and the order are coprime.